What Is Going to Drive the Design Process

5m 1s

In this ARE 5.0 NCARB-approved Project Planning and Design Exam Prep course you will learn about the topics covered in the ARE 5.0 PPD exam division. A complete and comprehensive curriculum, this course will touch on each of the NCARB objectives for the ARE 5.0 Project Planning and Design Exam.

Instructor Mike Newman will discuss issues related to the generation or evaluation of design alternatives that synthesize environmental, cultural, behavioral, technical and economic issues.

When you are done with this course, you will have a thorough understanding of the content covered in the ARE 5.0 Project Planning and Design Exam including design concepts, sustainability/environmental design, universal design, and other forms of governing codes and regulations. 

So now when we're trying to figure out the budgeting process for the project during the design and planning process, that budget has direct impact on all of these different topics. But also, each of these different topics has direct impact on the budget if you will. So, we can start to think about and break down the building, the project in a number of different ways. We could break it down by the wing. Each wing of the building, or each floor of the building, or the public versus the private space, or something like that.

We could break it down from the standpoint of different ways of testing out the budget system. We could break it down in terms of the different ways of approaching with different contractors. We could break it down any number of different ways, but when we do that, we're going to be thinking about all of these different issues and then trying to figure out what the budget impact of those different issues are given the fact that we've started a process.

So once we start a process like an assemblies estimate, once we have that going, now we're able to start thinking about, alright, given that, given our set of assumptions, is there something that we would want to do differently in this location? Do we want to try to save money there? Do we want to try to spend more money there? Because maybe that's something that seems important given the program.

Are there aesthetic issues that are going to impact our design thinking? In that particular way that we're breaking it down. Are there other issues? Are there structure issues? Are there fire safety issues? Is there buildability and tolerance issues? What are the things that are going to drive our decisions? So we're going to start with a basic understanding of what we think the budget is, but then we're going to be analyzing it and adjusting it to the specific situation that we want to express.

So it doesn't really help us any if we do a full on assemblies type budget estimate. We get all the way to the end of it, but then it doesn't really actually match. Like, we're just, kind of not really accurate to our building. That just means it's the wrong number. So we need to adjust it at that point to fit into our understanding of all of these different issues. Is it something that we want to make sure there's very little maintenance on? Well, okay, if we want to make sure there's very little maintenance, we probably have to spend more money.

We probably have more durable materials, or a better HVAC system that doesn't need as much maintenance. So if we're saying maintenance is an issue, then we have to get that into our budget estimate. Otherwise, the budget doesn't match the actual design that we really want. So, we start breaking down these things in whatever system we need to in order to find those moments that are going to alter our numbers.

That are going to alter and add to the overall budget estimate. So that we're making sure that we're actually being accurate to our design. So, when we're kind of evaluating all of our budget choices, we're thinking about all the choices and what the budget is for those, and then we're using that as a process to make sure that our choices are not only the right choices, but choices that we have analyzed and compared with multiple possibilities, and now we know for sure because we feel really confident because of the analysis process.

So we're going through, breaking it down, and then thinking of those different breakdown moments through all of these different types of topics, and then understanding our number and adjusting our numbers from there. So, the budget is a living thing. At some point it stops. At some point you say, okay, this is our design development budget, but it's probably been altering up and down throughout the design development process.

It should be altering up and down because that's the whole point of the developing the design is that you're testing out different possibilities, you're trying out different assemblies, you're trying to understand how those things are all going to relate to each other, you're trying to understand what the aspect of worrying about the acoustics might be for a ceiling system, or for the wall systems, and so, do we need to spend more money than we thought?

Well, okay, we've got to add it in now, right? So this is a living process. It shifts along, and by the time you get to the end of design development, you have an actual budget that you just say, okay, that's our budget. And then hopefully, if you've been doing this right, we've now adjusted it enough that it actually meets the reality, so that by the time it goes into CD sets and then eventually gets bid out, the bids will come back matching those same numbers.

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From the course:
ARE 5.0 Project Planning & Design Exam Prep

Duration: 31h

Author: Mike Newman